Friday, February 25, 2011

"Lost Voices" (from a hidden illness)


Last week the Patient Advocate officially joined the ranks of the X people - XMRV+ via serology.

I have a very fine urologist and I am this doctor's very first XMRV+ patient. I could hear the nurse's in the hall reading my chart, saying, "What's XMRV+?" This urologist, who will remain unnamed, is one of the most humane doctors that I have ever met. (I wish that this doc was my regular physician.) Last year I told this urologist about XMRV. At the time the doctor had a limited idea about this retrovirus. This year I took recently published XMRV/prostate studies and placed them in the doctor's hands. The doctor will read them. (At the moment progress in "XMRV" is made one person at a time.)

Each year I give this doctor a compressed version of my daughter's condition (The doctor has daughters too.). This doctor, who is deeply empathetic, listens and says, "I don't know how you can do what you are doing". In regards to viruses and illness he says, "Viruses are frightening". In reaction to my explanation about the current battles over research into XMRV and CFS, the doctor says, "We live in a world of self-interest and greed". The doctor makes sure to shake my hand on leaving. It is not surprising that I like this doctor. This doctor is one in a million.

Recently, out in the external world of ME/CFS, the old playbook from 1991-92 has been dug out from the back of the closet. It is not difficult to see what is going on. Big efforts are being made to shove CFS research back to 2005 and before - and to end serious research into viral or retroviral association with ME/CFS. There is a sea swell of garbage/argumentation, much of it illogical and nonsensical - and particularly aimed, directly or indirectly, at the WPI, who are seen as "independent". Working at Stanford, Dr. Montoya is more "insulated" and is going to be a little harder to get at - but attempts will certainly be made to knock him out too. With this in mind, Dr. Montoya keeps a pretty low profile.

Every tactic in the book is being used - on a revolving basis - to unseat "XMRV".

The big question is this: Has "XMRV" research reached "the tipping point" - where it has a momentum on its own? ("XMRV" is a term representing the dynamic effort to promote serious scientific investigation into viruses, retroviruses, immune dysregulation, immune profiles, and the mechanics of this illness.) There are two ways of looking at this. One is that since October 2009, XMRV has been stalled out, under fierce challenges, without reaching any resolution. The other is that XMRV, over that time period, under fierce challenges, has not been knocked out of the box. Ladies and gentlemen, place your bets!

One thing is certain. Dynamic research into ME/CFS is going to have to go ahead on its own. Means are going to have to be developed to privately finance research. (This is not the only disease with this problem.) No one is going to come to the rescue. The illusion that the government is going to help has been rolled up in a little ball and thrown in the cheap tin trash basket. Concerted, driven, focused research is the only way out of this illness. There is no other way - and now is the time to take advantage of the positive momentum. If the shitheads get the upper hand again, it will be another 5o years until another opportunity arises.

A few important researchers are sitting on the fence about the viral or retroviral association with this illness. Recently, in public, two researchers - Coffin, Alter - have expressed the need to find the center of this illness - XMRV or not. It has been suggested that these researchers have contact with a few patients - and have learned a bit about the specifics of this illness. But what do they really know? They know nothing. They certainly have no idea of the devastation that this illness can inflict on the human soul - and I am afraid that they are "beyond knowing". This ME/CFS disease needs empathy - but does it exist today ? (outside of my urologist and a few others like him)

Most people, doctors for instance, do not want to look at this illness in its particulars. They get bored and irritated with the endless list of symptoms, and the rotating, unhinged,"unable to be pinned down" nature of this illness. The face that is presents is too complex and too shifting for their tastes, and thus it invites disbelief - with the attendant cruelty unleashed towards the patients. This has a medieval feel to it.

Can one get beyond the disbelief factor with this illness? Is there a way to give a clear picture of the illness at its center, and of the patients at the bottom?

This is a very strange disease. Over the years, I have sought to find an image (for myself) that taps into the central aspects of the illness. For me, the disease comes straight out of poems and stories from Edgar Allen Poe's extreme and imaginative mind. CFS/ME is best characterized as an E.A.P.-related disease. No symptom is off the table, all symptoms rotate or evolve or worsen or change in an unpredictable fashion. The body - brain, heart, thyroid, gut - retreats into a posture of down-regulation - almost as if in hibernation, to avoid losing total control. All the senses are attacked in a flurry of confusing, seemingly disconnected symptoms. Everything becomes insensate - sight, sound, smell, taste, touch. No body organ is off limits to disequilibrium and disruption.

In 2009 I sat in a conference hall in London while Dr. Kenny de Meirleir flashed images up on the screen of severely ill ME patients in Norway. The photographs, videos or descriptions of these patients were truly frightening. (A young woman/girl spoke of having lived in the same house with her sister for the last four years, and of having never been able to see or talk to her sister.) The images seem to be out of the Middle Ages. The audience, doctors, researchers, patients and advocates, seemed to react in shock, as if somehow Dr. de Meirleir had done something inappropriate. Of course this is nonsense. But if those inflicted with this illness, or those treating this illness, cannot take a good look at the bottom, who can?

My essential point is that the picture of this illness, at its core, has not been presented very well. Perhaps, given the nature of the illness, this is impossible. Words, which are essentially rational, do not characterize it. Stories of particular patients, casually presented, fall short and invite disbelief. The essential nature of the illness, of the human "personness" seemingly being dismantled in an irrational fashion, frightens the onlooker. The fundamental character of this illness is chaotic.

Very few efforts have been made to portray ME at its core. A few videos have been made of patients "at the bottom". These are disturbing. Very few people have the skills and the sensitivity to "record" these patients - patients who cannot speak or cannot be touched or cannot hear, or cannot tolerate any stimuli at all. The very nature of the illness disallows getting close in a meaningful way. Few people have seen this, few people want to see this, few people try to articulate this state of "removal from life" itself. In the general give and take of the struggle for recognition of ME/CFS, these severely ill patients are forgotten, or left behind in their frozen silence, in their darkened room. They have no voice, doctors don't (or can't) see them, and consequently very few people - providers, doctors like de Meirlier (Are there doctors "like" de Meirleir?) - know and have seen their story. Obviously these patients do not show up at conferences or in doctor's offices. They do show up in Emergency rooms, where they are destroyed by the ignorant, crass doctors and nurses. In the meantime these patients are mute, and on their own - in the most primitive of medical circumstances.

A few individuals have made an attempt to engage this "removal from life" - to "take a look". The most successful is Natalie Boulton who compiled, edited and designed the book "Lost Voices, from a hidden illness" published in 2008 by InvestinME, (the second edition published in 2010). (I have written about this truly outstanding InvestinME organization here and elsewhere on my blog.) This frightening and uplifting book is everything you want to know and more. It has many personal stories and pictures of very ill ME patients in the UK. It includes a forward by Leonard Jason and responses by Vance Spence, John Chia, Jane Colby and Annette Whittemore.

These are the good guys. This book is a must read for those who can take it. A book like this will form the foundation for further investigations and revelations about the cruel nature of this illness. Look for more from this gal, Natalie Boulton - she is the best and she is a truth seeker. Doctors and researchers who are willing to engage ME/CFS should read this book. Maybe then they can sober up, and realize the true nature of this illness in its pure form.

"Lost Voices" can be ordered from Invest in ME here.




Tuesday, February 8, 2011

The times, they are a-changin



The NY Times' Science Times today had an important interview with Dr. Janet Rawley. Dr. Rawley is seen a key figure in the development of cancer genetics, and of the wonder drug Gleevec. Gleevec short circuits one form of leukemia, and also a rare stomach cancer, which previously had been a real killer. Leukemia patients taking Gleevec now live. Formerly they died.

Whether patients know where Gleevec came from is anyone's guess. Patients get diagnosed with this form of leukemia through routine tests - and then the doctor hands them a prescription for Gleevec. The drug has a few side effects. Perhaps patients have increased fatigue, perhaps they have acid reflex? How many of them know of Dr. Janet Rawley, and of the extraordinary and selfless contribution she has made? Dr. Rawley is a remarkable researcher, and an extraordinary woman. This was a great article to read.

Several parts of this NY Times interview are worth noting. One is Dr. Rawley's modesty:

"But looking down microscopes at chromosomes is not rocket science. If I hadn't found it someone else would have."

Another answers the question: "Do you think that the type of career that you have had is possible today?"

"No. I was doing observationally driven research. That’s the kiss of death if you’re looking for funding today. We’re so fixated now on hypothesis-driven research that if you do what I did, it would be called a “fishing expedition,” a bad thing. O.K., we knew about the Philadelphia chromosome, and after banding we had the technology to discover gains and losses among the different chromosomes. But once you knew that, what were the implications of the gains and losses? That’s the “fishing,” because there wasn’t a hypothesis. Well, if you don’t know anything, you can’t have a sensible hypothesis. I keep saying that fishing is good. You’re fishing because you want to know what’s there."

Reading this article makes one think of recent events in ME/CFS. There has been a decided shift in tone surrounding ME/CFS in the last month or two. A much more balanced and reasonable dialogue seems to be taking hold in parts of the "real world". Dr. Mikovits herself said on January 17th that the politics would diminish in the near future - perhaps she has something specific in mind? Certainly the conversation between virologist Dr. Vincent Raciniello and journalist Mr. David Tuller on Dr. Raciniello's virology podcast this last week hit a high note of reasonableness .

Frankly, the Patient Advocate believes that Mr. Tuller's article on January 3rd in the NY Times struck a chord in convincing people of the complexity and seriousness of this illness. Thousands of people read this newspaper - and they get their guidance from its direction. Certainly Mr. Tuller himself has demonstrated that he has some inkling of the character of this illness -although the Patient Advocate would like to "flesh out" Mr. Tuller's shortcomings in this regard. Mr. Tuller seems "open to suggestion".

In December, both Dr. John Coffin and Dr. Harvey Alter, in their own ways, indicated that they think that ME/CFS is, very possibly, the result of an infectious agent. Having main-stream virologists talk in this manner about this illness is unheard of. Both indicate that it is now time to find out what is behind this illness - XMRV or something else. In many other ways there is an emerging recognition of the seriousness of this illness. Research into XMRV, diagnostic markers and immunological function is moving forward in ways that have never been seen before. The association of XMRV and ME/CFS will live or die on its own merits, but the discovery of this association by Mikovits and Lombardi (and others) has spurred great interest in this illness. The October paper from the Whittemore Peterson Institute galvanized the issue. Who can argue with this?

And then there is the magnificent crap-out of McClure, taken down by a bunch of patients. She seems to have a thin skin. Most modern people in positions of authority take a tremendous beating - and they persevere. Everyone at the top today is a target. Why should she be different?She gets her hair mussed a little and quits. What courage is this?

All this leads to recent reports by Dr. Jamie Deckoff-Jones regarding the first efforts in the establishment of the clinical practice at the new Center for Neuro-Immune Diseases in Reno, NV. Here is an excellent interview with Dr. Deckoff-Jones by our friend Cort Johnson. For the past five years, this center has had a permanent place in the imagination of every ME/CFS patient in the world. In March 2009 the Patient Advocate himself went out to the WPI building site, a patchwork of dirt piles and trucks, and dreamed of what was coming. The fact is that right now - today and tomorrow - this treatment center is becoming a reality. In many ways all this is hard to digest. These patients have been abused for a long time. The closer this treatment center comes to fulfillment, the more anxious the patients get. Something like this has never happened in the history of this illness - and many are superstitious, afraid that it will be snatched away - or afraid that they will be left out. But this is not going to happen - and one person is going to make sure that this idea reaches its challenge and fulfillment - Annette Whittemore.

This treatment center is the brainchild of Annette Whittemore. It has been at the core of her ideas since she first developed them. She saw the possibility that a treatment center could be attached to a research center - and that they could work in tandem. In an unwavering fashion, Annette Whittemore has pushed this along. And now she is bringing her idea to fulfillment. How magnificent is this?

Take another look at Annette Whittemore speaking in videos made this last summer by Peter Cairns. She reveals herself - her temperament and generosity - immediately. Peter Cairns has several hours of additional video interview material reflecting the high-minded, elegant and consistent aspirations of this remarkable woman.

It is not difficult to make the jump from Dr. Janet Rawley to Annette Whittemore. Both are visionaries who see things that the rest of us can't - and carry their dreams to the point of realization. We as a group can wait to recognize this accomplishment, or we can see it now for what it is. The Patient Advocate chooses to recognize it now, and to acknowledge how extraordinary and selfless this accomplishment is - along with all the possiblities that are coming down the road. Things across the medical front are moving at warp speed, and maybe ME/CFS will finally get its chance with this new collaborative center.

Christopher Cairns

Sunday, February 6, 2011

David Tuller with Vincent Racaniello


This internet radio interview is worth listening to in its entirety.

Dr. Vincent Racaniello has a weekly interview blogcast where he communicates information to the public about viruses. Dr. Racaniello does us a great favor to bring us this information, and he has struck a chord with an engaged public that wants to know more about virology. The listener gets to hear inside and rangy discussions of scientists on the front lines. Who would have imagined this could be such a pleasurable and popular subject? More power to Dr. Racaniello.

Dr. Racaniello has followed the issue of XMRV for some time and his ideas are evolving on this issue. He hopes to have Dr. Judy Mikovits on his show in the future. Recently, Dr. Racaniello displayed great agility (and honesty) in shifting his views quite dramatically on the somewhat precarious subject of "contamination" in XMRV studies.

In this week's interview, Dr. Racaniello talks with journalist David Tuller about "Journalism and Science". Mr. Tuller is a lecturer in journalism at Berkeley, and has been instrumental in developing a small but important program combining journalism and public health. Mr. Tuller writes informed and articulate science articles, mostly for the NY Times Science Times.

This conversation between Dr. Racaniello and Mr. Tuller ranges from the general to the specific. It is a very engaging and surprising conversation. If more intelligent people begin to talk in this fashion, we might actually learn something about the association of XMRV (and/or other viruses) with this debilitating and nasty illness.

While the conversation comes to no firm conclusions relative to the XMRV association with ME/CFS, the character of the conversation is informed and exciting from a science angle. There is much to latch on to here in terms of trying to see the big picture relative to this unfolding disease drama. Mr. Tuller is smart, receptive and with wide-ranging interests. Any further reporting that Mr. Tuller does on ME/CFS will be well-received by this reader, and I look forward to his very perceptive journalism.

There is a previous blogpost on David Tuller and his very important, balanced and articulate NY Times article on ME/CFS.